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Preventing Heatstroke in your dog

Prevention:

Any pet that cannot cool himself off is at risk for heatstroke. Following these guidelines can help prevent serious problems.

  • Keep pets with predisposing conditions like heart disease, obesity, older age, or breathing problems cool and in the shade. Even normal activity for these pets can be harmful.
  • Provide access to water at all times.
  • Do not leave your pet in a hot parked car even if you're in the shade or will only be gone a short time. The temperature inside a parked car can quickly reach up to140 degrees.
  • Make sure outside dogs have access to shade.
  • On a hot day, restrict exercise and don't take your dog jogging with you. Too much exercise when the weather is very hot can be dangerous.
  • Do not muzzle your dog.
  • Avoid places like the beach and especially concrete or asphalt areas where heat is reflected and there is no access to shade.
  • Wetting down your dog with cool water or allowing him to swim can help maintain a normal body temperature.
  • Move your dog to a cool area of the house. Air conditioning is one of the best ways to keep a dog cool, but is not always dependable. To provide a cooler environment, freeze water in soda bottles, or place ice and a small amount of water in several resealable food storage bags, then wrap them in a towel or tube sock. Place them on the floor for the dog to lay on.   

    A dog suffering from heatstroke will display several signs:

  • Rapid panting
  • Bright red tongue
  • Red or pale gums
  • Thick, sticky saliva
  • Depression
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting - sometimes with blood
  • Diarrhea
  • Shock
  • Coma

 

How to prepare your pets for a Hurricane

Holiday tips to keep your pets safe

  1. Most pets do not tolerate spicy seasonings very well or large quantities of food. Avoid giving pets a sampling of everything on the human menu.
  2. On the morning of the holiday, exercise the dog to try to wear it out before guests arrive.
  3. Make sure to dispose of turkey bones where the pet cannot get to it. These bones will splinter when chewed. Bones can get caught in a pet?s esophagus or intestinal track and could be life threatening.
  4. Rancid food is full of bacteria and can make a pet very sick, so make sure garbage is not accessible to the pet.
  5. Turkey stuffing may contain onions, garlic, or raisins?all toxic to dogs, so resist the urge to feed your dog human food.
  6. Remind guests not to offer table scraps or appetizers to the dog.
  7. If the family pet is skittish around people, noises, sudden movement then containing the dog away from the stimulation is recommended.
  8. Offer special chew toys during the time people are buzzing around.
  9. An open door or open garage may be an invitation for your pet to bolt. Keep your pet contained while guests are coming or going.
  10. Make sure your pet has ID and license on a collar just in case it bolts out an open door.

Additional Information:

http://veterinarybusiness.dvm360.com/keep-pets-safe-during-holidays

 

Breed of the Month (July) Doberman Pincher

 The Doberman was developed around the 1890s by a German Tax collector , Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann.  The Doberman is descended from many different breeds including the Great Dane, Grey Hound, German Short-haired Pointer, Rottweiler, and many others.

The Doberman is very Intelligent, alert, extremely loyal, a great guard dog.  They are driven, strong, and sometimes stubborn, but with great owner commitment, they can be a wonderful family dog and a good companion.

The average life span is 9-12yrs. The females tend to be 71-77lbs and males 88-100lbs. They come in 4 colors black, red, blue, fawn.

Some health issues that the bread can be prone to are:

                Dilated Cardiomyopathy: Floppy Heart Disease , The heart becomes enlarged and weakened  and cannot pump blood efficiently.  

                Von Willebrand's Disease : Clotting disorder caused by a deficiency in one of the clotting factors (vWF) that prevents the platelets from sticking together.

                Wobblers : Cervical vertebral instability, causes severe neck pain

                Color-Dilute Alopecia - Color dilute alopecia refers to the patchy poor haircoat that develops usually in the blues and fawns. The colors may be interesting, but the hair follicles that produce them eventually become dysplastic and a variety of skin and fur problems result in virtually every blue and fawn Doberman.

               Other: Hypothyroidism, Hip Dysplasia and Bloat

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Breed of the Month (June) French Bulldog

The French Bulldog has the appearance of an active, intelligent, muscular dog of heavy bone, smooth coat, compactly built, and of medium or small structure This affectionate and playful breed is known for its wrinkly, smushy face and bat-like ears. The Frenchie is a great companion for single pet-owners as well as families with young children. They need little exercise and grooming and are incredibly loyal to their people. Because of their somewhat stubborn nature, they require a bit of patience during training but are incredibly intelligent and eager to please and highly food motivated. They come in a large variety of colors and markings.

It is pretty well established that the Frenchie derived from the English bulldog more than likely the toy variety mixed with ratters in Paris, France. Originally called the Boule-Dog Francais the English later scoffed at the idea of calling an English dog by a French name and changed it. French bulldogs are commonly called pigdogs in the UK as their resemblance to pigs in snorting noises and appearance.

Health:

French bulldogs have a tendency towards eye issues. Cherry eye, or an everted third eyelid, has been known to occur, although it is more common in English Bulldogs and Pugs. Glaucoma, retinal fold dysplasia, corneal ulcers and juvenile cataracts are also conditions which have been known to afflict French bulldogs as well.

Luxating Patella is also a common where the knee slips out of the socket and can be surgically repaired if this happens.

As a result of the compacted airway of the French bulldog, they may develop an inability to effectively regulate temperature. While a regular canine may suffer to some degree from the heat, to a Frenchie it may be lethal. It is imperative that they be protected from temperature extremes at all times, and that they always have access to fresh water and shade. As they are a brachycephalic breed (see Brachycephalic syndrome), French Bulldogs are banned by several commercial airlines due to the numbers that have died while in the air. This is because dogs with snub noses find it difficult to breathe when they are hot and stressed out; the cargo space in an aircraft can rise as high as 30 °C (86 °F) when waiting on the runway.

 

 

 

Breed of the Month ( May) Dachshunds

 

The Dachshund, meaning "badger dog" in German, is a lively breed with a friendly personality and keen sense of smell. Known for their long and low bodies, they are eager hunters that excel in both above- and below-ground work. One of the most popular breeds according to AKC® Registration Statistics, they come in three different coat varieties (Smooth, Wirehaired or Longhaired) and can be miniature or standard size.

The Dachshund can be found dating back to the 15th Century where illustrations reflected badgers being hunted with dogs that have elongated bodies and short legs with hound type ears.

Dachshunds are playful, but as hunting dogs can be quite stubborn and are known for their propensity for chasing small animals, birds, and tennis balls with great determination and ferocity. Many dachshunds are stubborn, making them a challenge to train. It?s hard to stay in a bad mood with a Dachsie around their upbeat, curious, and friendly nature is contagious.

They come in a variety of colors and patterns. They have 3 coat types: smooth (short), long haired and wire coated. Also come in two sizes miniature and standard.

 

Breed of the Month (April) Rottweilers

The Rottweiler is a powerful, calm, trainable, courageous and devoted to its owner and family. They are very loyal and protective. The Rottie was imported from Germany into the USA in1928. The breed had a surge in popularity during the 1980's and 90's and reached the Number 4 on the AKC list of Popular Breeds in 1998. Their ancestors were the drover's dogs accompanying the herds the Romans brought with them when invading Europe.The Rottie can run up to 25mph or more which amazing due to their size. They are also considered to have one of the greatest bite forces in all the Canine World.

Over all they are a relatively healthy, disease-free breed however, like most larger breeds the Rottie is prone to hip dysplasia they are also very prone to cancer. Overall they are a fairly healthy breed but if fed too much and under exercised they can be prone to obesity. A few consequences of obesity can be serious including arthritis, breathing difficulties, diabetes and heart failure. If you don't mind the drooling and farting they are a great family dog. 

 

Breed of the Month (March): Poodles

The poodle originates from Germany but is the national dog of France. The word poodle comes from the German word "pudel" means "to splash in about". Hints what the poodle was bread for, retrieving water fowl. They are great swimmers and their coats are water resistant. They were used in World War II as working dogs for the Army, Navy and Cost Gurad.There are three sizes of poodles: toy, miniature, and standard. Toy Poodles are usually 6 to 9 pounds, Miniatures are 15 to 17 pounds and Standards are 45 to 70 pounds. Poodles were originally bred as water retrievers that fetched waterfowl for hunters. Life span of a poodle is 12-15yrs of age depending on the size. Some people really appreciate that poodles are hypoallergenic especially those that suffer from allergies. Their coats do require a lot of attention and grooming. They come in a variety of colors. Most often seen are black, white and apricot. Overall the Standard size is better suited for a family with small children they tend to have more patients then the toy and miniatures do.  They are very energetic and intelligent, one of the smartest dog breeds and easily trainable.

 

Breed Health

Just like any other dog, Poodles are prone to certain health risks such as bloat (mostly in seen in standard size), hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia and cancer. Epilepsy is also a common disease in Poodles of any size, which causes seizures. The smaller sizes can have issues with luxating patella, which causes difficulty in straightening knees, painful stifles, and limping.

 

 

Breed of the Month (February):Boxers

The Boxer is a powerful dog with an intelligent and alert expression. While they are instinctive guardians, the Boxer loves to be with his people. This personality has allowed them to succeed as couriers during war time and as seeing-eye dogs for the blind. Appearing in both fawn and brindle colors, the Boxer currently ranks as one of the most popular dogs in the United States according to AKC® Registration Statistics.

Developed in Germany in the 19th century, Boxers were originally used for dog fighting and to run down and hold large game such as wild boar and bison until the hunter could arrive. The breed is known for standing up on its hind legs and batting at its opponent, appearing to box with its front paws. Imported to America after World War I, they began to grow in popularity in the late 1930's.

One of the breed's most notable characteristics is its desire for human affection, especially from children. They are patient and spirited with children, but also protective, making them a popular choice for families. The Boxer requires little grooming, but needs daily exercise.

Breed of the Month (January): Yorkies

 

Yorkshire Terriers, affectionately known as "Yorkies," offer big personalities in a small package. Though members of the Toy Group, they are terriers by nature and are brave, determined, investigative and energetic. They have long, luxurious blue and tan coats. This portable pooch is one of the most popular breeds according the AKC Registration Statistics.

Named for the English city from which they originally hail, Yorkshire Terriers were used in the nineteenth century to catch rats in clothing mills. Surprisingly enough, in its beginnings, the Yorkie belonged to the working class, especially the weavers; in fact, facetious comments were often made about how the dogs' fine, silky coats were the ultimate product of the looms. Eventually, the breed left the workforce and became a companion animal to families of European high society.

Yorkies are easily adaptable to all surroundings, travel well and make suitable pets for many homes. Due to their small size, they require limited exercise, but need daily interaction with their people. Their long coat requires regular brushing.

A few common health issues that are seen in Yorkie's are:

  • Luxating Patella (slipping Knee Cap)- a common defect considered to be genetic although it can also be caused by an accidental fall. Weak ligaments and tendons in the knee or malformed (too shallow) patellar grooves, allow the patella to slip out of its groove sideways. This causes the leg to lock up and the foot would be held off the ground.

 

  • Tracheal collapse- Caused by progressive weakening of the walls of the trachea, occurs in many toy breeds, especially very tiny Yorkies.

 

  • Poor dental health- Yorkies and other small dog breeds have problems if the deciduous or baby teeth don't fall out as the permanent or adult teeth grow. Retained teeth can cause tooth decay because food can easily be caught in between the deciduous and permanent teeth. They are also prone to severe dental disease. Because they have such small jaws their teeth tend to become crowded easily and causing food and plaque to build up and then bacteria can eventually develop on the surface of the teeth then leading to peridontal disease.

 

 

 

 

 

Breed of the Month (December): Bulldogs

   Known for their loose-jointed, shuffling gait and massive, short-faced head, the Bulldog is known to be equable, resolute and dignified. A medium-sized dog, they are not your typical lap dog, but would like to be! They are one of the most popular breeds according to AKC® Registration Statistics due to their lovable and gentle dispositions and adorable wrinkles. The Bulldog may be brindle, white, red, fawn, fallow or piebald.

Said to have originated in the British Isles, the name "bull" was applied because of the dog's connection with bull baiting. The original bulldog had to be ferocious and courageous, and almost insensitive to pain. When dog fighting became illegal in England, fanciers set to the task of preserving the breed by eliminating the fierce characteristics. Within a few generations, the Bulldog became one of the finest physical specimens with an agreeable temperament.

Right Breed for You?

Bulldogs are recognized as excellent family pets because of their tendency to form strong bonds with children. They tend to be gentle and protective. The breed requires minimal grooming and exercise. Their short nose makes them prone to overheating in warm weather, so make sure to provide a shady place to rest. 

 

 

Breed of the Month (November): Beagles

A sturdy hunting dog, the Beagle should look like a foxhound in miniature. His hunting ability, combined with a merry personality, has made the Beagle one of the most popular dogs in the United States according to AKC Statistics. The most famous Beagle of all is Snoopy from the comic strip "Peanuts." Today's Beagle comes in two height varieties (13 in. and 15 in.) and any true hound color, including tri-color, red and white and lemon.

In the 1500s, most English gentleman had packs of hounds. Larger hounds tracked deer, while smaller ones went after rabbits. These were the first Beagles. The origin of the name "Beagle" may have been derived from the French term "be'geule," referring to the baying voice of the hounds when in pursuit of game, or possibly the diminutive size of the hound.

Beagles are happy-go-lucky and friendly, making them a wonderful family pet. They are also favored for their compact size and short easy to care for coat. Since they lived in packs for hundreds of years, they naturally enjoy the company of other dogs and humans. Curious and comedic, they often follow their noses-which can lead to some mischief if they are not provided with daily activity.

 

 

Breed of the Month (October): Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever, with its intelligence and eager to please attitude, is one of the most popular breeds in the United States according to AKS statistics. The working ability that has made the Golden Retriever such a useful hunting companion also make him an ideal guide, assistance and search and rescue dog. The golden-colored coat is the hallmark of this versatile breed, and can range from light to dark gold.

The Golden Retriever originated in the Scottish Highlands in the late 1800's and was used predominantly for hunting. The breed was developed by Lord Tweedmouth, whose goal was to create a superb retriever suited to the Scottish climate, terrain and available game. He crossed his original "Yellow Retriever" with the Tweed Water Spaniel (now extinct) found on his estate. Later integrations of Irish Setter, Bloodhound, and more Tweed Water Spaniel produced the retriever we know today.

This active and energetic Sporting breed can adapt to many different living situations but requires daily exercise. His water-repellant double-coat sheds seasonally and needs regular brushing. With his friendly temperament and striking golden color, this breed is both beautiful to look at and a joy to own.

 

Breed of the Month (September): German Shepherd

The average age of a German Shepherd is between 10-13yrs. Developed to a point of almost ideal fitness, it's shape, musculature, nimbleness, strength, agility and balance make it a great working dog. Average weight is between 49-88 pounds. Standard desired height for males at the top of the shoulder blades is 24-26inches, 22-24 for females. The coat comes in various colors including black and tan, black and red, sable, liver, blue, black and silver, black and cream, gray, all black or all white (all white dogs are disqualifies from the AKC standard).

Fun Facts: The German Shepherd was the #1 most popular dog in the US in 1925 and stayed that way for the rest of the 20's before disappearing from top ten after World War II. They were originally bred to herd sheep. They are the 3rd most intelligent breed in the world Under the Border Collie(1) and the Poodle(2). They were brought to America in 1906 and Rin Tin Tin was a famous GS that played in 26 movies. For more information and fun facts please visit the link below.

http://www.akc.org/breeds/german_shepherd_dog/index.cfm

Breed of the month (August): Labrador Retrievers

Labs were bred to be both a friendly companion and a useful working dog breed. Historically, he earned his keep as a fisherman's helper: hauling nets, fetching ropes, and retrieving fish from the chilly North Atlantic. Today's Lab is as good-natured and hard working as his ancestors, and he's America's most popular breed. These days the Lab works as a retriever for hunters, assistance dog to the handicapped, show competitor, and search and rescue dog, among other canine jobs.

Built for sport, the Lab is muscular and athletic. He has a short, easy-care coat, friendly demeanor, keen intelligence, and plenty of energy. Labs love to eat and tend to be overweight if not regularly exercised. Labs need at least 30-60 minutes of play a day or can have pent up energy and may become destructive.

For more information on this breed please visit the link below.

https://www.akc.org/breeds/labrador_retriever/index.cfm

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